Nitin Gadkari instructs to open one side of Kuthiran Tunnel in Kerala


Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways Shri Nitin Gadkari instructed to open one side of the Kuthiran Tunnel in Kerala in a tweet message yesterday This is the first road tunnel in the state and will drastically improve connectivity to Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The 1.6 km long tunnel is designed through Peechi- Vazahani wildlife sanctuary. The road will improve connectivity to important ports and towns in North – South Corridor without endangering wildlife.

Shri Gadkari said under the leadership of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi  transformation in the infrastructure of the country is ensuring better economic opportunities to every citizen.

“Muslim Women Rights Day” observed by different organisations across the country


“Muslim Women Rights Day” was observed by different organisations across the country today where Muslim women wholeheartedly thanked the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi for bringing the law against Triple Talaq.

Minister for Women and Child Development Smt. Smriti Irani, Minister for Minority Affairs Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi and Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change Shri Bhupender Yadav attended “Muslim Women Rights Day” programme in New Delhi today. The Ministers also interacted with several Triple Talaq victim Muslim women.

The Muslim women thanked the Prime Minister for bringing the law against the practice of Triple Talaq on 1st August, 2019 which has made the social malpractice of Triple Talaq a criminal offense. They said that the Government has strengthened “self-reliance, self-respect and self-confidence” of the Muslim women of the country and protected their constitutional, fundamental and democratic rights by bringing the law against Triple Talaq.

Addressing the Muslim women on the occasion, Smt. Smriti Irani said that 1st August is a day to salute the struggle of Muslim women against Triple Talaq. She said that the Ministry of Minority Affairs, the Ministry of Women and Child Development and the Labour Ministry will work united to encourage entrepreneurship among the Muslim women.  She also said that the Muslim women have been immensely benefitted through schemes such as “Mudra Yojana”, “Jan Dhan Yojana”, “Stand Up India”, “Poshan Abhiyan”.

On the occasion, Shri Bhupender Yadav said that the Government has been working to ensure dignity and empowerment of women from every section of the society. The Government has ensured dignity of Muslim women by bringing the law against Triple Talaq. Most of the major Muslim countries have also abolished Triple Talaq. He said that the Government’s policy of “Development without Discrimination” has created atmosphere of trust across the country. The Government’s decision to provide quota for OBC and economically backward section in medical/dental studies will benefit poor sections of Muslim community also. Shri Bhupender Yadav said that the Government has always worked for welfare of the needy.

Speaking on the occasion, Shri Naqvi said that the law against Triple Talaq has proved to be a “big reform” to ensure Constitutional rights of Muslim women which has shown “better results”.  There is a significant decline in Triple Talaq cases across the country after the law came into effect, the Minister said.

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COVID-19 Vaccination Update


The Union Government is committed to accelerating the pace and expanding the scope of COVID-19 vaccination throughout the country. The new phase of universalization of COVID-19 vaccination commenced from 21st June 2021. The vaccination drive has been ramped up through availability of more vaccines, advance visibility of vaccine availability to States and UTs for enabling better planning by them, and streamlining the vaccine supply chain.

As part of the nationwide vaccination drive, Government of India has been supporting the States and UTs by providing them COVID Vaccines free of cost. In the new phase of the universalization of the COVID19 vaccination drive, the Union Government will procure and supply (free of cost) 75% of the vaccines being produced by the vaccine manufacturers in the country to States and UTs.

More than 49.49 crore (49,49,89,550) vaccine doses have been provided to States/UTs so far, through all sources and a further 8,04,220 doses are in the pipeline.

Of this, the total consumption including wastages is 46,70,26,662 doses (as per data available at 8 AM today).

More than 3 Cr (3,00,58,190) balance and unutilized COVID Vaccine doses are still available with the States/UTs and private hospitals to be administered.

PM interacts with IPS probationers at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy


The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi addressed the IPS probationers at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy today via video conferencing. He also interacted with the probationers during the event. Union Home Minister Shri Amit Shah and Minister of State (Home) Shri Nityanand Rai were also present on the occasion.

Interaction with Officer Trainees

The Prime Minister had a lively interaction with the Probationers of Indian Police Service. The interaction with the Officer Trainees had an spontaneous air and the Prime Minister went beyond the official aspects of  the Service to discuss the aspirations and dreams of the new generation of police officers.

With Anuj Paliwal, IIT Roorkee pass out from Haryana who has been allotted  Kerala Cadre,  the Prime Minister talked of seemingly contradictory but entirely useful choices of the officer. The officer told the Prime Minister about the utility of his Bio-technology background in crime investigation and his optional subject in Civil Services exam , Sociology, in the dealing with the aspects of his chosen career. The Prime Minister said that Shri Paliwal’s hobby for music might look out of place in the dry world of policing but it is going to help him and make him a better officer and will help him improving the Service.

With Rohan Jagdish, a law graduate with Political Science and International relations as his Civil Services subject and a keen swimmer, the Prime Minister discussed the importance of fitness in the Police Service. He also discussed the changes in training over the years as Shri Jagdish’s father was state service officer from Karnataka where he is going as IPS officer.

With Gaurav Rampravesh Rai a civil engineer from Maharashtra who has been allotted Chattisgarh  Cadre, the Prime Minister dwelled in his hobby of chess and discussed how the game will help him in strategizing in the field. In the context of left-wing extremism in the region, the Prime Minister said that the area has unique challenges and will need, along with law and order, an emphasis on development and social connect in the tribal areas. The Prime Minister said young officers like him will contribute immensely in weening away the youth from the path of violence. The Prime Minister said that we are containing the Maoist violence and new bridges of development and trust are being established in the tribal areas.

With Ranjeeta Sharma, Rajasthan Cadre officer from Haryana, the Prime Minister talked about her achievements during the training where she is accorded the honour of the best probationer and talked about the use of her qualification in mass communication in her work. Shri Modi noted the work done in Haryana and Rajasthan to improve the conditions of daughters. He advised the officer to give one hour every week to girls of her place of posting by interacting and motivating them to achieve their full potential.

To Nithinraj P, from Kerala who has been allotted his home cadre, the Prime Minister advised to keep his interest in photography and teaching alive as they are good medium to connect with people also.

The Prime Minister told Doctor Navjot Simi a dental doctor from Punjab, allotted Bihar Cadre that presence of woman officers in the force will bring positive change in the service and quoted Guru to advise the officer to do her duty with compassion and sensitivity without any fear. He said that  inclusion of more daughters in the service will strengthen it.

Kommi Pratap Shivkishore from Andhra Pradesh allotted his home cadre is M Tech from IIT Khadagpur. The Prime Minister discussed his ideas about tackling financial frauds. The Prime Minister stressed the inclusive potential of information technology. He asked them to keep pace with the developments in the world of cybercrime. He also asked the young officers to send their suggestion for improving digital awareness.

Shri Modi also interacted with Mohammad Nazim an Officer Trainee from Maldives. The Prime Minister conveyed his appreciation for the nature loving people of Maldives. He said Maldives is not just neighbor but a good friend also. India is assisting in establishing a Police Academy there. The Prime Minister touched upon the social and business ties between the two countries.

The Prime Minister’s Address

Speaking on the occasion, the Prime Minister noted that coming 15th August will herald 75th anniversary of Independence. Last 75 years have seen efforts to build a better Police Service. In recent years, significant improvement has taken place in the infrastructure related to police training.  The Prime Minister exhorted the officer trainees to remember the spirit of the freedom struggle. He said the period between 1930 to 1947 saw the younger generation of our country rise in unison to achieve a great goal. He said that same feeling is expected in the youth of today, “They fought for  ‘Swarajya’; you have to move forward for ‘Su rajya’”, the Prime Minister stressed.

The Prime Minister asked the officer trainees to remember the significance of the time they are entering their career when  India is undergoing transformation at every level. As their first 25 years in the service are going to be critical 25 years in the life of the country when Indian republic will move from 75 years of independence to the century of its independence.

The Prime Minister emphasized the need to keep police ready in these times of technological disruptions. He said the challenge is to prevent new types of crime with even more innovative methods. He stressed the need to undertake novel experiments, research and methods for cyber security.

Shri Modi told the probationers that people expect a certain degree of conduct from them. He asked them to be always mindful of the dignity of their Service not only in office or headquarters but beyond that too. “Your will have to be aware of all the roles in the society, your need to remain friendly and keep the honour of the uniform supreme” said the Prime Minister.

The Prime Minister reminded the officer trainees that they are flag-bearers of ‘Ek Bharat -Shreshth Bharat’, therefore they should always keep the mantra of ‘Nation First, Always First’ foremost in their mind and it should reflect in all their activities. In their decisions art field level they should keep national interest and national perspective in mind, said the Prime Minister.

Shri Modi acknowledged the bright young women officers of the new generation and said that there have been efforts to increase the participation of women in the force. He expressed the hope that our daughters will infuse the police service with the highest standards of efficiency, accountability and will also bring in elements of politeness, ease and sensitivity. He also mentioned that the states are working on introducing Commissioner System in the cities with more that 10 lakh population.  The system has already been introduced in  many cities of 16 states. He said it is important to work collectively and sensitively to make policing effective and futuristic.

The Prime Minister paid homage to the members of the police force who lost their life while serving during the pandemic. He recalled their contribution in in the fight against the pandemic.

The Prime Minister said that police officers from neighbouring countries, undergoing training at the academy underline the closeness and deep relation of the countries. He said that whether it is Bhutan, Nepal, Maldives or Mauritius, we are not just neighbours but we also share lot of similarities in our thinking and social fabric.  We are friends in times of need  and whenever there is any calamity or difficulty we are the first responders for each other. This was evident during the Corona period also.

Meenakashi Lekhi addresses at G20 Culture Ministers’ Meeting


Smt. Meenakashi Lekhi, Minister of State for Culture participated in the G20 Culture Ministers’ Meeting on 30 July, 2021 hosted by Italy during their ongoing Presidency of G20 in 2021.

Discussion was held on Protection of Cultural Heritage; Addressing the Climate Crisis through Culture; Building Capacity through Training and Education; Digital Transition and New Technologies for Culture; and Culture and Creative Sectors as drivers for growth.

The Minister of State for Culture addressed participants of the meeting and presented India’s perspective on the topic ‘Culture and Creative Sectors as drivers for growth’. She outlined the significance of culture and creative sectors in providing economic growth and employment as well as its potential to give more opportunities to women, youth and to local communities which have very rich and diverse cultural traditions and practices, to promote production and consumption practices that are more environmentally friendly as in the production of handlooms, handicrafts and khadi etc. and its importance and relevance for India.

She emphasized that culture and creative sectors can drive growth through generating employment, reducing inequalities, promoting development in a sustainable manner and providing distinct identity to people.

Smt Lekhi highlighted the various measures taken by India to develop the culture and creative sectors like the One District One Product scheme of Government of Uttar Pradesh, Tourism circuits, promotion of Yoga and Ayurveda etc.

MoS emphasized and supported the need for international dialogue and collaboration to tackle common issues connected to the cultural and creative sectors and to suitably inform and adapt public policies. She reiterated India’s commitment to international cultural cooperation and collaboration in efforts to support and facilitate the cultural and creative sectors of societies.

At the end of the discussions, the G20 Ministers of Culture adopted the G20 Culture Working Group Terms of Reference.

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The Ministers of Culture of the G20 adopted the Ministerial Declaration for submission to the G20 Leaders’ 2021 Summit to advocate the introduction of Culture in the G20 work stream, given its strong economic and social impact at the national and global level. 

COVID-19 Vaccination Update


The Union Government is committed to accelerating the pace and expanding the scope of COVID-19 vaccination throughout the country. The new phase of universalization of COVID-19 vaccination commenced from 21st June 2021. The vaccination drive has been ramped up through availability of more vaccines, advance visibility of vaccine availability to States and UTs for enabling better planning by them, and streamlining the vaccine supply chain.

As part of the nationwide vaccination drive, Government of India has been supporting the States and UTs by providing them COVID Vaccines free of cost. In the new phase of the universalization of the COVID19 vaccination drive, the Union Government will procure and supply (free of cost) 75% of the vaccines being produced by the vaccine manufacturers in the country to States and UTs.

More than 48.78 crore (48,78,63,410) vaccine doses have been provided to States/UTs so far, through all sources and a further 68,57,590 doses are in the pipeline.

Of this, the total consumption including wastages is 45,82,60,052 doses (as per data available at 8 AM today).

More than 3.14 Cr (3,14,57,081) balance and unutilized COVID Vaccine doses are still available with the States/UTs and private hospitals to be administered.

PM congratulates Class XII students on successfully passing CBSE examinations


The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has congratulated Class  XII students on successfully passing CBSE examinations.  Addressing them as young friends, he also wished them a bright, happy and healthy future.

In a series of tweets, the Prime Minister said;

“Congratulations to my young friends who have successfully passed their Class XII CBSE examinations. Best wishes for a bright, happy and healthy future.

To those who feel they could have worked harder or performed better, I want to say – learn from your experience and hold your head high. A bright and opportunity-filled future awaits you. Each of you is a powerhouse of talent. My best wishes always.

The Batch which appeared for the Class XII Boards this year did so under unprecedented circumstances.

The education world witnessed many changes through the year gone by. Yet, they adapted to the new normal and gave their best. Proud of them!”

Dr Jitendra Singh releases “Biotech-PRIDE” Guidelines


Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Science & Technology; Minister of State (Independent Charge) Earth Sciences; MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances, Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh today released “Biotech-PRIDE (Promotion of Research and Innovation through Data Exchange) Guidelines” developed by Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science and Technology.On the occasion, Dr.RenuSwarup, Secretary Department of Biotechnology, other senior Officials from Government and researchers from various Institutions were also present. The Minister also launched the website of Indian Biological Data Centre, IBDC.

Dr Jitendra Singh said that in a large population of over 135 crore and heterogeneous character of the country, India needs its own exclusive database for Indian Research and Solutions. He said, there is no dearth of talent in the country and the indigenous database will have huge enabling mechanism for exchange and adoption of data by young scientists and researchers for the benefit of Indian Citizens.

The Minister said that in the last 6-7 Years, Modi Government has given huge impetus and priority to Science and Technology and particularly in the Space Technology, where the world is looking up to India for win-win cooperation and collaboration.

Describing the release of Biotech-PRIDE as 1st of its kind by the DBT, Dr Jitendra Singh said, India ranks number 4 amongst the top 20 countries contributing biological databases1. The Government invests a large amount of public funds to generate data in various sectors, including in the biosciences for knowledge generation, to gain deep insights into intricate biological mechanisms and other processes and for translation, he added.

Dr Jitendra Singh said, advances in DNA sequencing and other high-throughput technologies along with a steep drop in DNA sequencing cost have enabled government agencies to fund research towards generation of large volumes of biological data in various sectors of Biosciences. He said, sharing a wide range of large scale data advances the understanding of the molecular and biological processes that will contribute to human health on agriculture, animal husbandry, fundamental research and thus will extend to societal benefits.

Dr Jitendra Singh said, initially, these Guidelines will be implemented through Indian Biological Data Centre (IBDC) at Regional Centre for Biotechnology supported by Department of Biotechnology. Other existing datasets/ data centres will be bridged to this IBDC which will be called Bio-Grid. This Bio-Grid will be a National Repository for biological knowledge, information and data and will be responsible for enabling its exchange, developing measures for safety, standards and quality for datasets and establishing detailed modalities for accessing data, the Minister added.

The Biotech PRIDE Guidelines will facilitate this and enable exchange of information to promote research and innovation in different research groups across the country. The Biotech-PRIDE (Biotech Promotion of Research and Innovation through Data Exchange) guidelines aim at providing a well-defined framework and guiding principle to facilitate and enable sharing and exchange of biological knowledge, information and data and is specifically applicable to high-throughput, high-volume data generated by research groups across the country. These guidelines do not deal with generation of biological data per se but is an enabling mechanism to share and exchange information and knowledge generated as per the existing laws, rules, regulations and guidelines of the country. These guidelines will ensure data sharing benefits viz. maximizing use, avoiding duplication, maximized integration, ownership information, better decision-making and equity of access. These guidelines are the enabling mechanism for sharing the data publicly and within a reasonable period of time after data-generation, thus the utility of the data will be maximal. Resultantly, accrual of benefit of public investment for data generation will not be compromised.

The PRIDE Guidelines will be helpful to harmonize, synergize and encourage the data sharing for research and analysis in the country and to promote scientific work and foster progress by building on previous work. These guidelines will also be advantageous in avoiding duplication and wasteful expenditure of resources on research. Initially, these Guidelines will be implemented through Indian Biological Data Centre (IBDC) at Regional Centre for Biotechnology supported by Department of Biotechnology. On the occasion, Hon’ble Minister also launched the web-portal for submission of Biological data to IBDC. Other existing datasets/ data centres will be bridged to this IBDC which will be called Bio-Grid. This Bio-Grid will be a National Repository for biological knowledge, information and data and will be responsible for enabling its exchange, developing measures for safety, standards and quality for datasets and establishing detailed modalities for accessing data.

Union Health Minister chairs a review meeting with National Medical Commission (NMC)


The Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Shri Mansukh Mandaviya chaired a review meeting with the National Medical Commission today. Important issues of medical education were discussed in the meeting.

As apprised by officials of NMC in the meeting, efforts are underway to ensure that the National Exit Test ( NExT) will be conducted in the first half of 2023 as per the roadmap. To test the procedure and remove anxiety among medical students, a Mock Run is also being planned and will be conducted in 2022. It was also discussed that the results of NExT (Step 1 and 2) will then be used for

(i) Qualifying Final M.B.B.S. Exam.

(ii) To get License to practice Modern Medicine in India.

(iii) For merit-based allocation of PG seats in Broad specialties.

During the review meeting, ways to make NExT an examination of  world-class standard was also discussed and deliberated.  The importance of the NExt Exam lies in the fact that it will be the same for everyone whether trained in India or any part of the world and hence it will solve the problem of foreign medical graduates (FMGs) / Mutual recognition. While addressing the meeting, Shri Mansukh Mandaviya emphasised that the Government of India is committed to creating quality medical education and transparent examination infrastructure and health services and is relentlessly working with all stakeholders to achieve this objective.

About National Medical Commission (NMC):

NMC has been established by an Act of Parliament known as National Medical Commission Act, 2019 which came into force on 25.9.2020 with the objective of improving access to quality and affordable medical education, ensuring adequate and high-quality medical professionals in all parts of India and to provide equitable and universal health care.

Broad functions of NMC include laying down policies for maintaining a high quality and high standards in medical education and making necessary regulations; laying down policies for regulating medical institutions, medical researches and medical professionals; assessing the requirements in healthcare, including human resources for health and healthcare infrastructure and developing a road map for meeting such requirements; promoting, coordinating and framing guidelines and laying down policies by making necessary regulations for the proper functioning of the Commission, the Autonomous Boards and the State Medical Councils. It also ensures coordination among the Autonomous Boards.

NMC also acts as the appellate jurisdiction with respect to decisions of Autonomous Boards and lays down policies and codes to ensure observance of professional ethics in the medical profession and promotes ethical conduct during the provision of care by medical practitioners.

Share your thought for inclusion in PM’s Independence Day speech


MyGov (@mygovindia) has asked for input from the people that can be part of the Prime Minister’s speech on the upcoming Independence Day.

A PMO tweet tagging a MyGov post said

“Your thoughts will reverberate from the ramparts of the Red Fort.

What are your inputs for PM @narendramodi ’s speech on 15th August? Share them on @mygovindia .”

COVID-19 Vaccination Update


The Union Government is committed to accelerating the pace and expanding the scope of COVID-19 vaccination throughout the country. The new phase of universalization of COVID-19 vaccination commenced from 21st June 2021. The vaccination drive has been ramped up through availability of more vaccines, advance visibility of vaccine availability to States and UTs for enabling better planning by them, and streamlining the vaccine supply chain.

As part of the nationwide vaccination drive, Government of India has been supporting the States and UTs by providing them COVID Vaccines free of cost. In the new phase of the universalization of the COVID19 vaccination drive, the Union Government will procure and supply (free of cost) 75% of the vaccines being produced by the vaccine manufacturers in the country to States and UTs.

More than 48.03 crore (48,03,97,080) vaccine doses have been provided to States/UTs so far, through all sources and a further 71,16,720 doses are in the pipeline.

Of this, the total consumption including wastages is 45,27,93,441 doses (as per data available at 8 AM today).

More than 2.92 Cr (2,92,65,015) balance and unutilized COVID Vaccine doses are still available with the States/UTs and private hospitals to be administered.

PM addresses the education community to mark the first anniversary of NEP 2020


The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi addressed policy makers in the domain of education and skill development, students and teachers, across the country via video conferencing, to mark the completion of one year of reforms under the National Education Policy 2020. He also launched multiple initiatives in the education sector.

Congratulating the countrymen and students for New Education Policy completing one year, the Prime Minister lauded the hard work of teachers, professors, policymakers in realizing the New education policy on the ground, even during the difficult time of Covid-19.  Noting the significance of the year ‘Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’, the Prime Minister said that the new Education Policy will play a major role in this important period. The Prime Minister said our future progress and growth is dependent on the level of education and direction given to our youth today. “I believe that is one of the bigger factors in ‘mahayagya’ of national development”, said the Prime Minister

The Prime Minister noted the changes brought by the pandemic and how normal online education became for the students. More than 23 hundred crore hits on Diksha portal bear testimony to the utility of portals like Diksha and Swayam.

The Prime Minister noted the strides made by the youth from small towns. He cited great performance at the Tokyo Olympics by the youth from such towns. He lauded the efforts of the youth in the fields of robotics, AI, start-ups and their leadership in industry 4.0. He said if the younger generation gets the environment suitable for their dreams, there is no limit to their growth. He stressed that today’s youth wants to decide their systems and their world on their own terms. They need exposure and freedom from the shackles and restrictions.  New Education Policy, assures our youth that the country is fully with them and their aspirations. Artificial Intelligence programme which was launched today will make the student future oriented and will pave the way for AI-driven economy. Similarly, National Digital Education Architecture, (NDEAR) and National Education Technology Forum (NETF) will go a long way in providing a digital and technological framework to the entire country, the Prime Minister said.

The Prime Minister highlighted the openness and absence of pressure in the New Education Policy. He said that there is an openness at policy level and openness is also visible in the options available to the students.  Options like multiple entry and exit will free students from the restrictions of staying in one class and one course. Similarly, modern technology based Academic Bank of Credit system will bring revolutionary change. This will give confidence to the student in choosing stream and subjects. ‘Structured Assessment for Analyzing Learning levels’, SAFAL will take away the fear of examination. The Prime Minister reiterated that these new programmes have the capability to change India’s destiny.

Quoting Mahatma Gandhi, the Prime Minister emphasized the importance of local languages as medium of instructions. The Prime Minister informed that14 engineering colleges of 8 states are starting to impart education in 5 Indian languages Hindi, Tamil, Telugu. Marathi and Bangla. A tool has been developed for translating engineering course in 11 languages.  This emphasis on mother tongue as the medium of instruction will instil confidence in the students from poor, rural and tribal background. Even in the elementary education mother tongue is being promoted and Vidya Pravesh progamme, launched today, will play a big role in that. He also informed that Indian sign language, for the first time, has been accorded the status of language subject. Students will be able to study it as language also. There are more than 3 lakh student who need sign language for their education. This will give a boost to Indian sign language and will help the divyang people, said the Prime Minister

Underlining the critical role of teachers, the Prime Minister informed that from the formulation stage to implementation, teachers are active part of New Education Policy. NISHTHA 2.0, launched today will provide training to teachers as per their needs and they will be able to give their suggestions to the department.

Prime Minister launched the Academic Bank of Credit that will provide multiple entry and exit options for students in Higher education; 1st Year Engineering Programmes in Regional Languages and Guidelines for Internationalization of Higher Education. The initiatives to be launched also included Vidya Pravesh, a three month play based school preparation module for Grade 1 students; Indian Sign Language as a Subject at secondary level; NISHTHA 2.0, an integrated programme of teacher training designed by NCERT; SAFAL (Structured Assessment For Analyzing Learning Levels), a competency based assessment framework for Grades 3, 5 and 8 in CBSE schools; and a website dedicated to  Artificial Intelligence. The event also witnessed the launch of National Digital Education Architecture (NDEAR) and National Education Technology Forum (NETF).