Anew study has found that 590,000 jobs were generated every month until November in formal sector in the current financial year. This means that seven million jobs will be created in the formal sector in 2017-18 if one expands the trend on a pro rata basis.
The study, authored by SBI group Chief Economic Advisor Soumya Kanti Ghosh and Pulak Ghosh, a professor with the Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, calculated the number of jobs in enterprises from the membership of Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO), Employees’ State Insurance Corporation, General Provident Fund and National Pension System (NPS).
A report submitted by a task force on employment, headed by former NITI Aayog vice-chairman Arvind Panagariya, had also recommended using this kind of database. As such, this is the first study to estimate job creation using these kinds of data sets. So far as data from the EPFO is concerned, the study, titled “Towards a Payroll Reporting in India”, estimated that 3.68 million jobs were generated till November of FY18, which would imply 5.5 million in the entire year. This would be higher than the 4.5 million created the previous financial year, a period which saw disruption from demonetization.
The top 10 sectors of the economy — manufacturing and usage of computers, chemicals, textiles, contract engineering, garments, building and construction, trading, general engineering products and expert services — contribute about 75 per cent of total employment in the formal sector in India. The study found that there were 91.9 million employed people in the formal sector as of March 2017.
If one adds those which contributed nothing to these funds, the figure will turn out to be 100 million. This is not significantly different from the figures arrived at by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO).The study estimated that 15 million are added to labour force every year. Of this, around 6.6 million are possibly qualified manpower; the rest 8.4 million are non-graduates, non-qualified and dropout graduates.